What is Breast cancer - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

 

Breast cancer - Symptoms and causes

Breast cancer: Breast cancer is commonly found in females. It can be affected one out of ten females in the western world. It is a serious problem of breast tissue and about 20% of females with this disease will die. Men are also affected by this disease. This cancer is not transmitted by skin-to-skin contact. Bruising, bumping, and touching are not the causes of this disease.



Causes of breast cancer:

Family history: A woman easily getting breast cancer, if her sister, mother, or daughter had already breast cancer. There is a chances increase in risk if her sister, mother, and daughter had this disease under age 35.

Genes: There are main two genes -- BRCA 1 and BRCA 2. If there are any changes occur in these genes then the risk of breast cancer may be increased. Some ways will be suggested by the doctor to reduce breast cancer. Specific tests may be performed by the doctor to check the changes in genes.

Personal history of breast cancer: If a woman had breast cancer in only one breast, then there are chances to increase risk of cancer development in another breast.



Symptoms:

  • Nipple tenderness
  • Lump in the breast
  • Changes in shape and size of the breast
  • The affected area may be red in color, scaly and swollen
  • Nipple drain fluid
  • Pain in the breast.

Diagnosis:

Family medical history and personal history will be asked by the health care provider to diagnose the disease. Mammogram tests and physical examination tests may recommend by the doctor. A biopsy test may help to look for cancer cells. Ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging, surgical biopsy are used to diagnose breast cancer.

Treatment:

Surgery, chemotherapy, biological therapy, radiation therapy, and hormone therapy are effective and used to reduce breast cancer. Choice of methods of treatment depends on the causes, symptoms, and stages of breast cancer.

Local therapy: Local therapies include radiation therapy and surgery. They are effective and help in removing cancer from the breast. Local therapy is good to control cancer in the other parts of the body.

Systemic therapy: Systemic therapies include hormone therapy, chemotherapy, and biological therapy to reduce cancer. These therapies control cancer and shrink the tumor.

Before starting any treatment, your health care provider will give the information about the side effects of the treatment and give suggestions on how to reduce the side effects. You should also get a second opinion before start treatment. In the second opinion, insurance companies maintain the pathology report, planning of treatment, biopsy slides, and mammogram films.

 

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