Gonorrhea: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Diagnosis, and More

Gonorrhea: Symptoms, Causes, Prevention, Diagnosis, and More

Gonorrhea: Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease that is developed by infection of gonococcal bacteria. The bacterium can grow easily in moist areas of the reproductive tract. It can occur in the throat, anus, mouth, and eyes.

According to CDC, more than seven lacs persons are affected with infection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacterium every year in the U.S. this is a contagious disease and can be transmitted through direct contact with the mouth, penis, vagina, and anus.

It can easily transmit from mother to baby during delivery. It can be transmitted by sexual contact with an infected person. It is commonly found in young adults, active teenagers, Africans,s, and Americans.

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Signs and symptoms of gonorrhea:

  • Thick and bloody discharge from the vagina and penis.
  • Frequency in urination
  • Burning and stinging sensation during urination.
  • Severe pain during sexual activities.
  • Sometimes yellow, white and green discharge from the penis.
  • Swollen and painful testicles.
  • Itching and painful bowel movements
  • Sore throat
  • Heavy bleeding during menstrual periods
  • Itching, redness and discharge from the eye.

Diagnosis of gonorrhea:

Health care providers take a sample of discharge and send it to laboratory to detect the gonorrhea. Health care providers will be recommended test for other sexually transmitted diseases such as AIDS/ HIV, Chlamydia and syphilis. Physical examination and family history also may be taken by the health care providers to diagnosis of gonorrhea. There are some tests such as urine test, swab sample and gram stain will be preferred by the health care provider.

Complications of gonorrhea:

When people with gonorrhea cannot treat, it can cause serious health diseases in men and women.

  • Infection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae can be transmitted to other parts of the body.
  • Increased risk of getting other sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV.
  • Infection of bacteria may be transmitted into fallopian tubes and uterus and developing PID (Pelvic inflammatory disease).
  • There are chances of getting anorectal gonorrhea without treating gonorrhea.
  • Irritation in throat and tonsils
  • It can be possible to spread the infection to the eye.

Treatment for gonorrhea:

Antibiotic medication will be prescribed by the health care providers to treat gonorrhea. It is very necessary to take the full course of antibiotic medications. Sometimes OTC pain killer may decrease the symptoms and signs of gonorrhea. Cephalosporin such as ceftriaxone will be prescribed by the doctor to treat gonorrhea. Antibiotics such as ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin and ofloxacin are very effective to reduce the symptoms of gonorrhea.

Prevention:

  • You should use latex condoms during sexual activities.
  • You should avoid sexual contact with infected person.
  • You should avoid multiple sexual partners.
  • You should converse about STD with your sexual partner.

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