What is a Hypertension | Causes, Signs And Symptoms Of Hypertension

Hypertension: Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure. It can be associated with high tension in the arteries. Blood is carried by the arteries from the pumping heart and transmitted to the organs and all tissues of the body.

What is a Hypertension
What is a Hypertension

Sometimes, stress and emotional tension may be increased hypertension, but they are not the main cause of hypertension disease. Pre-hypertension is the blood pressure that lies between 120/80 to 139/89. Hypertension is considered blood pressure above 140/90. The systolic blood pressure is the top number of blood pressure measurements, this represents the pressure in the arteries as pumps blood into the arteries and generated heartbeats.

The diastolic blood pressure is the bottom number of blood pressure measurement, this represents the pressure in the arteries as the heart is at rest after contraction. Stroke, kidney disease, eye damage, and heart disease are at high risk of developing hypertension.

Causes of hypertension:

The amount of blood pumped by the heart may help to diagnose hypertension. Salt content and the quantity of water in the body, nervous system, levels of hormones, and kidney conditions can be affected by hypertension. Sometimes, environmental factors and diet can be associated with hypertension.

Secondary hypertension is caused by Cushing’s syndrome, use of medications and other chemicals, oral contraceptives, kidney disorders, wilms’ tumor, Henoch- schonlein purpura, and radiation enteritis.

Signs and symptoms of hypertension:

  • Changes in vision
  • Heart failure
  • Excessive fatigue and tiredness
  • Significant sweating
  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Problems in heartbeat
  • Severe chest pain
  • Blood in urine
  • Nosebleed

Diagnosis of hypertension:

Urine test and blood test will be recommended by the health care providers to suspect the causes and complications of hypertension. Doctors can use a sphygmomanometer Instrument to measure blood pressure.


Medications are a very effective treatment to control blood pressure. Medications may include calcium channel blockers, angiotensin receptor blockers, beta-blockers, alpha-blockers, and diuretics.

The health care providers will be required medications such as minoxidil, nitroprusside, hydralazine, or diazoxide in case of hypertension. Changes in lifestyles such as exercise, low body weight, and a balanced diet also may reduce high blood pressure.

Biofeedback, yoga, and meditation are very effective to control blood pressure. Certain herbal remedies are effective in lowering hypertension. Sometimes, anti-hypertensive drugs will be preferred by the doctor to reduce the high blood pressure. In some cases, herbal medicines are recommended to lowering high blood pressure.


  • You should do exercise such as walking regularly.
  • You should eat fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • You should eat foods that contain fiber, less salt, and low fat.
  • If you have heavy body weight, lose your weight.
  • You should avoid smoking.
  • You should minimize alcohol consumption.
  • You should avoid fried foods, salt, sugar, and caffeine
  • You should drink lots of water.

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